New Middle East peace initiative seeks to harness spirit of Spanish Golden Age.
A new initiative to help bring a just peace in the Middle East was launched in London yesterday, invoking the periods of mutual co-existence enjoyed by the three Abrahamic faiths in medieval Spain and the Ottoman Empire.
Convivencia is a cross-faith, international initiative for a just peace in the Middle East that seeks to substitute the current militarised ‘solutions’ based on racist oppression, brute force, denial of rights and colonial dispossession with an approach predicated on shared values and commitment to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
An academic term proposed by Spanish philologist Americo Castro, Convivencia describes the period of Spanish history from the Muslim conquest of southern Spain in the eighth century to their expulsion alongside Jews from 1492. The period is regarded as a Golden Age in which the three faiths lived peacefully cheek by jowl, creating a climate of intellectual and artistic prowess unequalled in the world.
The same was true of the Ottoman period from the 14th-20th century in which Palestine provided a safe place for people of all the Abrahamic faiths to live in relative harmony and flourish. They shared a common Arab culture and lived in the same neighbourhoods until the advent of political Zionism. Convivencia rejects political Zionism which it sees as an exclusivist Jewish settler-colonial project from its inception, intending to expel the Palestinian indigenous population.
The Convivencia initiative extends to people of all faiths and none who are committed to these values. Instead of dividing people, this approach unites them in a search for a just peace based on equality for all in Palestine/Israel. It hopes to draw on the concept of justice that is central to all three monotheistic faiths aiming to create a political system that combines equality, justice and universal human rights in order to deliver peace, democracy and the rule of law.
The intention follows the original Palestine Liberation Organisation programme, towards building a shared political community through a process of decolonisation, beginning with Palestine. This requires an end to Zionism, apartheid and occupation, and building a just and democratic civic society in the whole of Palestine.
Convivencia also rejects the prevailing ‘Inter-faith’ dialogue that is driven by a Zionist agenda, silencing any discussion of Palestinian rights. This ‘coexistence’ is dishonest and undermines the core values of the three faiths. In addition, Israeli-Palestinian normalisation projects, sponsored by Western governments, legitimise Apartheid. All these practices collude with racism and must be opposed through a genuine anti-racist agenda, namely: a just co-existence based on decolonisation.
“The ever-increasing weaponisation of alleged anti-Semitism in support of apartheid aims to divide communities along racial and religious lines. This trope underpins the continuation of a system of racial domination. We must unite to challenge such tropes by showing how a shared history of peaceful coexistence can inspire a new order based on justice and human rights”, said the convenors of Convivencia.
Supporters of the Convivencia Initiative currently include:
Tariq Ali, UK
The Most Revd. Dr. Mouneer Hanna Anis, Bishop of Egypt & North Africa
The Right Revd Riah Abu El Assal, retired Bishop in Jerusalem
Revd. Alex Awad, retired Pastor, Jerusalem East Baptist Church
Prof. Hagit Borer, Queen Mary University of London, UK
Awad Abed al Fatah, (ODS) Israel
Prof. Jeff Halper (ICAHD) Israel
Archbishop Theodosios Atallah Hanna, Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem
Revd. Canon Garth Hewitt, Founder, Amos Trust
Yusuf Islam/Cat Stevens, UK
Mohideen Abdul Kader (Citizens International)
Rifat Odeh Kassis, Director, Kairos Palestine, Jerusalem
Prof. Ronit Lentin, Trinity College, Dublin
Ken Loach, UK
Prof. Nur Masalha, SOAS, University of London
Revd. Dr. Duncan McPherson, retired Principal Lecturer, St Mary’s University, Twickenham
Prof. Ilan Pappe, Exeter University
Prof. Yakov Rabkin, University of Montreal
Patriarch Emeritus Michel Sabbah, retired Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem and President of Kairos Palestine Alexei Sayle, UK
Prof. Avi Shlaim, Oxford University
Clare Short, former Secretary of State for International Development
Ahdaf Soueif, UK and Egypt
Imam Dawud Walid
Jackie Walker, UK
Roger Waters, US
Prof. Aminurraasyid Yatiban, UMM Malaysia
AIM (Ahlulbayt Islamic Mission)
DIN (Decolonial International Network)
Simón Bolivar Institute, Venezuela